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Country facts

Facts & Figures

Population:  11.35 million inhabitants (2016)

Surface area: 30.528 km2

Capital: Brussels

Head of state: King Philippe I

National Day: 21 July

Official languages: Dutch, French and German. English is not an official language in Belgium but is frequently spoken.

Currency: Euro (1 EUR = approx. 35 NTD)

State structure: Belgium is a constitutional monarchy (independant since 1830). In recent years, Belgium has evolved into a federal State constituted of 3 Communities (Flemish, French and German-speaking) and 3 Regions (Flemish, Walloon and Brussels Capital).

GDP: 508.6 billion USD (2016)

GDP per capital: 44.900 USD (2016)  

Main cities: Brussels-Capital Region (1 million), Antwerp (515.000), Ghent (250.000), Charleroi (200.000) and Liège (200.000)

Main ports: Antwerp, Zeebrugge, Ghent, Ostend

Airports: Brussels International AirportBrussels South Charleroi AirportAntwerp International AirportLiège AirportOstend Airport

Time Zone: GMT + 1 hour (Summer time, from the last Sunday of March to the last Sunday of October: GMT + 2 hours)

Weights and measures: metric system

Domestic electricity: 220 volts

You can find out some initial facts about Belgium in the brochure "Belgium at a glance" available in English and in Chinese